Diabetic Foot Ulcer
What are Diabetic Foot Ulcers ?
Foot ulcers are a common complication of poorly controlled diabetes, forming as a result of skin tissue breaking down and exposing the layers underneath. They’re most common under your big toes and the balls of your feet, and they can affect your feet down to the bones
What are the Symptoms and Causes ?
Signs of foot ulcers are not always obvious. Sometimes, you won’t even show symptoms of ulcers until the ulcer has become infected. Talk to your doctor if you begin to see any skin discoloration, especially tissue that has turned black, or feel any pain around an area that appears callused or irritated. Ulcers can be identified by drainage from the affected area and sometimes a noticeable lump that isn’t always painful.
Poor blood circulation is a form of vascular disease in which blood doesn’t flow to your feet efficiently. Poor circulation can also make it more difficult for ulcers to heal.
High glucose levels can slow down the healing process of an infected foot ulcer, so blood sugar management is critical. People with type 2 diabetes often have a harder time fighting off infections from ulcers.
Nerve damage is a long-term effect and can even lead to a loss of feeling in your feet. Damaged nerves can feel tingly and painful at first. Nerve damage reduces your sensitivity to foot pain and results in painless wounds that can cause ulcers.
Dry skin is common in diabetes. Your feet may be more prone to cracking. Calluses, corns, and bleeding wounds may occur.
What is the Treatment ?
Your doctor will likely identify the seriousness of your ulcer on a scale of 0 to 3 using the following criteria:
- 0: no ulcer but foot at risk
- 1: ulcer present but no infection
- 2: ulcer deep, exposing joints and tendons
- 3: extensive ulcers or abscesses from infection
Stay off your feet to prevent pain and ulcers. This is called off-loading, and it’s helpful for all forms of diabetic foot ulcers. Pressure from walking can make an infection worse and an ulcer expand. For people who are overweight, extra pressure may be the cause of ongoing foot pain.
Your doctor may recommend wearing certain items to protect your feet:
- Diabetic shoes
- Food braces
- Compression wraps
- Shoe inserts to prevent corns and calluses
Doctors can remove diabetic foot ulcers with a debridement, the removal of dead skin, foreign objects, or infections that may have caused the ulcer.
An infection is a serious complication of a foot ulcer and requires immediate treatment. Not all infections are treated the same way. Tissue surrounding the ulcer may be sent to a lab to determine which antibiotic will help. If your doctor suspects a serious infection, he or she may order an X-ray to look for signs of bone infection.
Infection of a foot ulcer can be prevented with:
- Foot baths
- Disinfecting the skin around an ulcer
- Keeping the ulcer dry with frequent dressing changes
- Over-the-Counter Treatments
- Many topical treatments are available for foot ulcers
- Surgical Procedures
Your doctor may recommend that you seek surgical help for your ulcers. A surgeon can help alleviate pressure around your ulcer by shaving down the bone or removing foot deformities such as bunions or hammertoes.
You will likely not need surgery on your ulcer. However, if no other treatment option can help your ulcer heal or progress further into infection, surgery can prevent your ulcer from becoming worse or leading to amputation.
Preventing Diabetic Foot Problems
Preventive care is crucial. Closely manage your blood glucose, as your chances of diabetes complications remain low when your blood sugar is stable. You can also help prevent diabetic foot problems by:
- Washing your feet every day
- Keep toenails adequately trimmed, but not too short
- Keeping your feet dry and moisturized
- Changing your socks frequently
- Seeing a podiatrist for corn and callus removal
- Wearing proper-fitting shoes
Foot ulcers can return after they’ve been treated. Scar tissue can become infected if the area is aggravated again, so your doctor may recommend you wear diabetic shoes to prevent ulcers from returning.
What is Carbothera K104 and How Carbothera can help
Carbothera K 104 is a Medical Device made by Mitsubhishi Chemical Cleansui , Japan which makes carbonated.
Carbonated hot water is extensively used in Japan, Germany and other parts of Europe for improving blood circulation and thereby healing a wound through better vasodilatation.
Carbonated hot water can help heal a diabetic ulcers very effectively.